Tourism and water scarcity: a gendered analysis in Labuan Bajo, Flores, Indonesia
Dr Stroma Cole (UWE Bristol)
Marta Muslin (non-university affiliation)
April 2015 - April 2017
This is a unique research project, being the first to explicitly explore the gender dimensions of the impact of tourism-related water scarcity in an emerging tourism destination. In Labuan Bajo (Indonesia), the number of tourists has more than doubled in the past five years, yet the area is extremely high risk in terms of both quantity and quality of water.
The research builds on studies which have:
- identified the impact of tourism on water availability in destination communities
- set out the gendered inequalities embedded in the policy and practice of tourism
- explored the gender issues inherent in the management and usage of water.
The research project will bring together these theoretical strands to understand the tourism-related water shortages and how these interact with gender inequalities. Participatory methods will be used to map out gendered power relations of water access, usage and control. The research aims to understand the gendered dimension of tourism-related water scarcity in workplaces, households and communities as precursor to seeking solutions.
- Cole, S, Canada, E, Ma Yue, Sandang, Y (2020). Tourism, water and gender – An international review of an unexplored nexus. WIREs Water e 1442.
- Moreno Alarcón, D and Cole, S (2019). No sustainability for tourism without gender equality. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 27:7, 903-919.
- Cole, S (2017). Water worries: An intersectional feminist political ecology of tourism in Labuan Bajo, Indonesia. Annals of Tourism Research, November 2017, volume 67, pages 14–24.
- Tourism is out-competing locals for access to water leading to women suffering in multiple ways.
- Women bear the brunt of burdens related to water scarcity.
- Patriarchal cultural norms, ethnicity, socio-economic status, life-stage and proximity to water sources are intertwined to (re)produce gendered power relations.
For further information on the project, please contact Dr Stroma Cole.