Centre for Fine Print Research University of the West of England Centre for Fine Print Research

Dr Carinna Parraman

Hewlett-Packard (HP) Partnership

funding body: HP Art and Science Philanthropy Fund
awarded to: Dr Carinna Parraman
dates: 2000 - Present

Project details:

The Centre for Fine Print Research (CFPR) initially established links with Hewlett Packard (HP) in 2000 through the HP Art and Science Philanthropy fund, which was set up to promote collaboration between arts based research organisations, science research and HP. The purpose of the fund was to ensure that these links could be strengthened, not only through access to equipment, but also by providing technical support in the form of detailed information on ink, head array mechanics and software and firmware within the printer. Over an unprecedented five-year life the project brought together major art museums and galleries, schools of art and design, universities and secondary schools to explore how information technology could be used in support of art; its creation, preservation and communication. As such some long standing flagship relationships were built with and between institutions including the National Gallery London, the Louvre Paris and the Uffizi, the CFPR, Southampton University and other key European universities involved in the science of art. Many of these relationships formed the basis for further pan-European collaborative formations, and also seeded a series of Large Format Printing and Colour master classes, ‘The Perpetual Portfolio’, led by the CFPR.

A second educationally focused project grew out of 'Art & Science' - "Art Exchange", which worked to link secondary and primary schools across Europe. The project used the internet and the medium of art to help groups with very different language, culture and social backgrounds share their insights, stories, passions and concerns through a series of common themes. The work involved many schools across Europe; ranging from an isolated rural agricultural village in Sardinia, to a Gaelic school in Ireland, to projects in deprived urban environments in Spain and England in Bristol. Again the early model has seen many newer projects seeded from these working relationships, and many organisations world-wide have adopted a similar approach.

One of the projects CFPR undertook with HP was the International Digital Miniature Print Portfolio curated by Carinna Parraman. At the time, wide format printing equipment (inkjet printing equipment capable of printing wider than 24 inches) was being rapidly adopted within the creative arts, but there was very little real data as to how users interfaced with the equipment outside of the limited reprographic use the products were originally developed for. The research focus of the project was to ascertain how and in what ways individuals interfaced with this technology. The objective of the Miniature Print Portfolio was also to encourage collaboration on a variety of levels – between artist practitioners, higher education art students, and schools; and the result was the development of new collaborative ventures. In addition to Hewlett Packard - St Cuthbert’s Mill, Inveresk Paper and UWE also sponsored the portfolio. 80 artists from around the world participated.

HP funded a senior research fellowship for two years 2007-09 supervised by Carinna to write software for alternative colour paths for wide format printing.  The project developed methodologies for printing colour more relevant to contemporary arts practice.

Steve Hoskins and Carinna Parraman have undertaken a number of confidential projects for HP since 2000.  They work with the company globally including the divisions in Barcelona, Spain, San Diego and Bristol. 

Related research papers/presentations/exhibitions

Boxing Clever 1 and 2

venues:Bristol School of Art Media and Design, Bower Ashton Campus, Royal West of England Academy, Bristol, IMPACT 4, International Printmaking Conference, Muzeum Narodowe w Poznzuiu, Pozan, Poland
Curated By: Carinna Parraman
Dates: 2004-2005
Catalogue ISBN:
URL Links:

An international artists portfolio, exhibition and competition for schools that explores the potential of packaging as an art form sponsored by Hewlett Packard. Artists and students were asked to contemplate and respond to the relationship of print and paper engineering, so that when cut, folded and glued a new three-dimensional artform was created, resulting in an enormous range of ideas and designs. Artefacts included jeweled caskets by GCSE students from King Edmund Community School; deconstructed envelopes and wrapped boxes from Redland High School for Girls. Sidcot School used the format of a cube to explore faces or three dimensional objects, typographic designs from students at Braunschweig School of Art Germany and intricate paper cutting by MA students at Camberwell College of Arts.

Awards were given to the most distinctive and unusual ideas to 3 students from each school as well as one undergraduate student award. The prints of the winning students were also included in the portfolio.

HP @rt Exchange, Bristol, November 2004
HP Art and Science, Nice, October 2003
HP @rt Exchange, Barumini Sardinia, October 2004
HP Art and Science, Florence, June 2003

HP Art and Science Colour and Wideformat Master Class

date: 2nd - 4th July 2003

University of the West of England, in collaboration with Hewlett Packard and University of Derby
The three-day masterclass was designed for artists, colour scientists and conservators who had specialist experience of wide format inkjet technology, and who could exchange expertise and contribute knowledge with the other expert groups. Carinna Parraman presented on her research with Hewlett Packard investigating the impact of coated and uncoated papers on inkjet printing to test the qualities of papers that investigate image: clarity of text, line, colour fidelity; absorption properties of the paper, dragging, pooling, de-saturation of colour. Her presentation included improved perspective as to the requirements and shortfalls encountered by other users; detailed understanding of wide format printing, improved workflow methods and enhanced understanding of colour theory, colour profiles and colour printing.

Art and Science Project 2: Movement, Marey and Muybridge

Project leader: Dr Carinna Parraman
Researcher participants:
Project duration: 2003

Project details:
The objective for the 2nd Art and Science project was to investigate movement and how early photography was used to document and illustrate human locomotion. These ideas eventually led to a logical progression of the moving image or cinema - a 20th century synthesis of art and science.
The presentation began with a short slide show, detailing the work by Marey and Muybridge and methods they used to capture moving humans and animals. Also a video, kindly lent by Adam Hart-Davis, from his ‘What the Victorians did for us’ series, was shown.

The art workshop included the production of zoetropes, thaumotropes, and flip books. Each student was able, with the use of a digital camera, to record movie clips and take digital stills. 12 digital cameras were available, which are capable of capturing short digital movies suitable for making low resolution ‘flip books’; and digital stills, with file size capacity to print good quality images up to A4. The web site was set up to provide a means of access for students to look a their work.

Conference papers

HP Art and Science Projects for Schools, Conference on Computers in Art Education 2003 (CADE) - the fifth biannual conference, University of Lincoln, 22nd - 25th April 2003 HP Art and Science conference.

Christiaan Barnard Suite, Cyprus 4-6th September 2002 HP Art and Science conference, National Gallery, London, 2nd -3rd September 2001