Centre for Fine Print Research University of the West of England Centre for Fine Print Research

Dr Anne Hammond



Ansel Adams at Manzanar front cover image

Ansel Adams at Manzanar

Author:Hammond, Anne.
Publisher: Honolulu Academy of Arts, Hawaii

Ansel Adams front cover image

Ansel Adams: Divine Performance

Author: Hammond, Anne.
Publisher: Yale University Press, New Haven
Date: 2002
ISBN: 0-300-09241-5, 196 pp.
URL Links:


Ansel Adams's magnificent photographs of the American wilderness are recognized and admired the world over. Adams is also a major cultural figure in American history, shaping many of our current views of the natural world through his compelling and accessible images. Despite his significance, little scholarly attention has been paid to Adams's contributions as an artist or his place in photographic history. This handsome book addresses this gap by taking the first look beyond the photographer's reputation as a Sierra Club environmentalist and examining in depth his life as an artist and the complexities of his creative vision.

Photo historian Anne Hammond provides a nuanced discussion of the evolution of Adams's landscape art and the aesthetic significance of his work. To set his landscape photographs in historical and philosophical context, Hammond traces the development of Adams's prints in relation to his artistic consciousness. She also offers insightful background on the contributions of scientific, literary, and artistic individuals who inspired Adams's journey in the arts, including scientists and philosophers Joseph LeConte and Alfred North Whitehead, writers Edward Carpenter and Ella Young, and photographers Alfred Stieglitz, Edward Weston, and Minor White. The concluding chapter of the book provides a detailed criticism of the photographer's best work and shows the relation between these images and their maker's ethical and artistic commitments. Admirers of Adams's photography as well as enthusiasts for the history of American photography and landscape studies will find this an essential volume for their libraries.

Reviewed in History of Photography, published by Taylor and Francis, Volume 27, Number 1 spring 2003, pp89-90.
Fred Evans biography front cover image

Frederick H. Evans: Selected Texts and Bibliography

Author: Hammond, Anne.
Publisher: Clio Press, Oxford; G.K. Hall, Boston
Date: 1992
ISBN: 1-85109-190-4, 193pp.
URL Links:

Edited and with long introductory essay.
To download the latest version of Acrobat Reader simply follow this link Acrobat Reader


The Blue notebook front cover image

Photography and the Sequence

Author: Hammond, Anne.
Publication:The Blue Notebook 1:3 , 19-23.
Date: 10.2008
URL Links:

Text here... To download the latest version of Acrobat Reader simply follow this link Acrobat Reader
History of Photography front cover image

Ansel Adams and Georgia O'Keeffe: On the Intangible in Art and Nature

Publication: History of Photography 32:4 , 301-313
Date: 2008
ISsN: 0308-7298
URL Links: www.tandf.co.uk/journals

Ansel Adams and Georgia O’Keeffe, although committed realist artists using straightforward photographic technique and a disarmingly objective style of painting, transfigured the natural scene artistically, to express a profoundly metaphysical response to nature. Both Adams and O’Keeffe were aware of manifold currents of mystical thought in the 1930s through personal contact with the theosophical teachers A.R. Orage and Jean Toomer. Treating landscape figures as psychological and spiritual phenomena, they shared a lifelong quest for creative development and self-discovery through the forms of nature. To download the latest version of Acrobat Reader simply follow this link Acrobat Reader

Ansel Adams and George Waters: Photographer and Printer

Author: Hammond, Anne.
Publication: History of Photography 32:1, 51-58
Date: 2008
URL Links: www.tandf.co.uk/journals

Ansel Adams's photographic career was paralleled by his desire to achieve the finest quality of photomechanical reproduction of his images for his many fine printed books. For thirty years, he relied upon letterpress halftone to recreate the aesthetic effect of his 'f/64' style. In the 1960s, as letterpress for photographic reproduction was phased out by most commercial printers, George Waters introduced Adams to the new technology of offset lithography. Together, they formed a highly successful collaboration as artist and master printer from 1969 to 1979. To download the latest version of Acrobat Reader simply follow this link Acrobat Reader

Ansel Adams at Manzanar War Relocation Center, 1943-1944

Author: Hammond, Anne.
Publication: History of Photography 30:3 , 245-257.
Date: 2006
ISBN: 0-937426-74-1
URL Links: www.tandf.co.uk/journals

Hammond curated this show and created the catalogue (published by Honolulu Academy of Arts 2006,). Hammond was commissioned by the Honolulu Academy of Arts to guest-curate this exhibition of Ansel Adams's photographs (never before shown in Hawaii) of Japanese Americans interned at Manzanar War Relocation Center during World War II. The exhibition demonstrated Adams's commitment to the reintegration of Japanese Americans into American communities, within the terms of an ethical conviction, shared with the Japanese Americans, of the spiritual importance of the natural environment and mountain landscape.
Albert Steiner book front cover image

Albert Steiner und die internationale Gebirgsfotographie

Author/Co Author: Hammond, Anne.
Publisher: Steidel Publishers
Date: 2005-06
ISBN: 3-7165-1387-3
URL Links:


Building on Hammond's research into photography of the mountain landscape, this work explores in detail the international context of the Swiss photographer, Albert Steiner, in a contribution to the first book-length study of this major artist of the Swiss Alps. The work places Steiner in the context of historical and modern mountain photographers. It is proposed that within the history of the genre, from approximately 1860 to 1960, a school of alpine realism in photography developed based on the immediate and tactile experience of the mountaineer-artist, to which Steiner made his unique contribution.

In 2006, an English edition of this book was also published: Albert Steiner: The Photographic Work, edited by Peter Pfrunder and Beat Strutzer, Gottingen:Steidel Publishers ; and an Italian edition: Albert Steiner: l'opera fotografica, a cura di Peter Pfrunder e Beat Strutzer, Lugano: Galleria Gottardo.

Frederick H. Evans and Frederick Hollyer, two articles for the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

Author/Co Author: Hammond, Anne.
Publisher: Oxford University Press, Oxford
Date: 2004.


The 19th-century photographer Frederick H. Evans employed the tonal delicacy and precision of the platinum process for his photographs of cathedral interiors, most famously that of 'The Sea of Steps' in Wells Cathedral (c.1902). His architectural and landscape photographic studies of the turn of the century were underpinned by his commitment to the works of religious philosophers Swedenborg and Boehme, with their theory of physical and spiritual correspondences, and by his interest in the harmonic proportions in nature.

Frederick Hollyer (1837-1933), considered portraiture to be his creative photographic work, for thirty years devoting one day a week to his portrayals of the cultural leaders of his time. But his greatest contributions to photography are his re-presentations, in permanent platinum photographs, of the works of the Pre-Raphaelite painters. Trained as a reproductive engraver of mezzotints, he photographed the works of artists such as Burne-Jones and Rosetti, often at sequential stages of their production. Hollyer's platinum prints are said to have been so subtly evocative as to have even suggested modifications to the painters.

Hawaiin landscape image

Ansel Adams and Hawaiian Landscape

Author/Co Author: Hammond, Anne.
Publisher: Honolulu Academy of Arts, Honolulu, Hawaii, History of Photography vol.26, no.1, 42-46

Date: 2002-2006
URL Links: www.tandf.co.uk/journals


Based on a comprehensive study of the photographs made by Adams in Hawaii, (held in the collections of the Center for Creative Photography, University of Arizona, Tucson) this curated selection of Adams's photographic work in Hawaii was presented for the first time since its creation in 1948-58. Funded by Honolulu Academy of Arts, it showed that Adams's commitment to the idea of progressive change found in Alfred North Whitehead's 'process philosophy' was sympathetically suited to a landscape already deeply imbued with indigenous knowledge, on the part of native Hawaiians, of the continuities of nature.

For a full list of Anne Hammond's publications please download a copy of her full CV


Co-editor of History of Photography (1991-2000), with special responsibility for the following numbers: on thematic issues: the Kinsey Institute (18:1); early colour and the Autochrome (18:2); women in photography (18:3); photo-narrative (19:4); anthropology (21:1); historiography (21:2); electronic & digital (22:1); architecture (22:2); medicine (23:3); the Holocaust (23:4) the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution (24:1); on individual photographers: Lewis Hine (16:2); Walker Evans (17:2); Edward Steichen (17:4); F. Holland Day (18:4); Diane Arbus (19:2); Alfred Stieglitz (20:4); on national schools of photography: the American South (19:1); Canada (20:2); Mexico (20:3). World Photographers Reference Series (Clio Press, Oxford and G.K.Hall, Boston, 1992-96), 9 volumes., series co-editor.


Ansel Adams: The Photograph in Ink, an exhibition and book/catalogue for the Center for Creative Photography, University of Arizona (for 2010).