Centre for Fine Print Research University of the West of England Centre for Fine Print Research
 

Professor Carinna Parraman

Publications

This is a selection of Carinna's publications. For the full list, see Carinna's CV.

Edited Books

Colour Coded front cover

Colour Coded

editor: Carinna Parraman
Publisher: The Society of Dyers and Colourists
Date: May 2011
ISBN: 978-0-901956-93-4 (303 pages)
download the book: Colour Coded book.pdf / Colour Coded cover.pdf

print on demand: www.lulu.com/product/paperback/colour-coded

Abstract:
Colour is a vast and complex subject that impacts many sectors in so many different ways. Yet, the majority of research into colour is usually undertaken in single subject areas, in for example, art, psychology, colour science, physics, chemistry, design, architecture and engineering. This book offers a selection of research from participants in a recent European funded project (Marie Curie SCF), and aims to address increasingly complex questions through an interdisciplinary perspective. The objective of the project was to address a broad range of themes in colour and to develop with artists, designers, technologists and scientists a cross disciplinary approach to improving colour communication, education and to provide a forum for dialogue between different fields.


Chapters in Books

The Art and Science of Colour Perception and Reproduction


Author: Parraman, Carinna
Publication:: Art, Science, and Cultural Understanding
Publisher: Common Ground Publishing
Date: 2014
ISBN: 978-1-61229-486-5

Abstract:
In Chapter 6 Parraman (pp. 100-117) covers a brief exploration of the differences in reproduction. A history of the art and science of colour. Forming pictures in the brain: colour appearance, perception, and neuroscience. Reproduction of colour using cameras and pigments. And colour and appearance in 3-D scenes.


Colour in the making, From Old Wisdom to New Brilliance

Author/Co Author:Parraman, Carinna
Publication:Colour Mixing in the Twenty-first Century: the Craft of the Digital
Publisher: Black Dog Publishing
Date: 2013
ISBN:978-1907317958

Abstract:
Colour Mixing in the Twenty-first Century: the Craft of the Digital in 'Colour in the Making From Old Wisdom to New Brilliance' (ISBN 978-1907317958). This book is a visual history of art and design told through the materials of colour.  Parraman’s chapter covers the evolution of dyes and pigments in printmaking, photomechanical printing, dyes for inkjet and alternative methods used by artists in the 21st Century and provides a highly contemporary and eclectic insight into pigments.

Colour Printing Techniques in ‘Colour Design: Theories and Application


Author: Parraman, Carinna

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles in 2012
ISBN: 978-1845699727

This book summarises the wealth of recent research on colour, it provides a comprehensive review of the issues surrounding the use of colour in textiles; discusses the application of colour across a vast range of industries; chapters cover the theories, measurement and description of colour, forecasting colour trends and methods for design enhancement. Parraman’s chapter presents colour printing from the field of the creative arts as setting benchmarks for colour, tone and resolution.
 

Colour Coded front coverReport on the 3-D colour Mondrian project: Reflectance, illumination, appearance and reproduction in ‘Colour-Coded

ISBN:9780 901956866

This book offers a selection of research from participants in the European funded project CREATE and aims to address increasingly complex questions on colour through an interdisciplinary perspective. In this chapter the authors McCann, J.J.; Vonikakis, V.; Rizzi, A.;  Parraman, C. describe a collaborative experiment that used two identical sets of painted wooden blocks placed in two different illumination environments to compare the differences in reproduced appearance of coloured objects under high dynamic and low dynamic illumination. Colour-Coded was published by The Society of Dyers and Colourists in 2011

Colour Coded front coverCREATE: building a multi-disciplinary project in Europe in 'Colour-Coded

ISBN:9780 901956866

This book offers a selection of research from participants in the European funded project CREATE, and aims to address increasingly complex questions on colour through an interdisciplinary perspective. This chapter was co-authored with Rizzi, A.  Colour-Coded was published by The Society of Dyers and Colourists in 2011

Colour Coded front coverDeveloping the CREATE Network in Europe in ‘Colour in Art, Design and Nature

ISBN:9781845645687

This book forms a striking contribution to the commonwealth of colour studies and to a possible unification of C. P. Snow's Two Cultures. It includes contributions by biologists, practicing artists, engineers and historical proponents of colour theory and art. This chapter was co-authored with Rizzi, A.  Colour in Art, Design and Nature was published by WIT Press in 2011
 

From Drypoint to Inkjet: Documenting Prints at Tate in ‘Printed on Paper: The Techniques, History and Conservation of Printed Media

ISBN: 9780956120632

This book is the revised and edited text of papers presented at the 2007 Printed on Paper conference. Covering the period from the later Middle Ages to the present, the twenty five essays in this book engage with fundamental issues of the care, conservation, treatment, history and display of printed matter, ranging from fifteenth-century incunables to early twentieth-century film posters and contemporary digitally produced Fine Art prints. They demonstrate the multi-disciplinary character of research in the field of conservation and technical art history, and its central significance for understanding and preserving cultural heritage. This chapter was co-authored with Morby , N. Printed on Paper was published by Northumbria University, Arts and Social Sciences Academic Press in 2009
 
Introduction to the Photomechanical Survey in A Survey Of Photomechanical Prints (ISBN 0953607615). This exhibition catalogue was one of the outcomes of an AHRB funded feasibility study for the adaption of a 19th Century print process for 20th Century use. With the advent of digital technology the aesthetic quality of image tone has been reappraised. 20th Century technology has the ability to produce prints quickly and economically but has not managed to surpass the tonal or organic quality of these earlier prints. Published by Impact Press in 2000


Journal Articles

Reflectance, illumination, and appearance in color constancy


Author: Parraman, Carinna,McCann, J. and Rizzi, A.
Publication Journal: Frontiers in Psychology
Date:January 2014
ISsN:1664-1078
url: journal.frontiersin.org


Abstract:
We studied color constancy using a pair of identical 3-D Color Mondrian displays. We viewed one 3-D Mondrian in nearly uniform illumination, and the other in directional, nonuniform illumination. We used the three dimensional structures to modulate the light falling on the painted surfaces. The 3-D structures in the displays were a matching set of wooden blocks. Across Mondrian displays, each corresponding facet had the same paint on its surface. We used only 6 chromatic, and 5 achromatic paints applied to 104 block facets. The 3-D blocks add shadows and multiple reflections not found in flat Mondrians.


Both 3-D Mondrians were viewed simultaneously, side-by-side. We used two techniques to measure correlation of appearance with surface reflectance. First, observers made magnitude estimates of changes in the appearances of identical reflectances. Second, an author painted a watercolor of the 3-D Mondrians. The watercolor's reflectances quantified the changes in appearances. While constancy generalizations about illumination and reflectance hold for flat Mondrians, they do not for 3-D Mondrians. A constant paint does not exhibit perfect color constancy, but rather shows significant shifts in lightness, hue and chroma in response to the structure in the nonuniform illumination. Color appearance depends on the spatial information in both the illumination and the reflectances of objects. The spatial information of the quanta catch from the array of retinal receptors generates sensations that have variable correlation with surface reflectance. Models of appearance in humans need to calculate the departures from perfect constancy measured here. This article provides a dataset of measurements of color appearances for computational models of sensation.

Methods for multi-layer color printing and decorative inks for ultra-violet fine art inkjet


Author: Parraman, Carinna
Publication Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, 57 (4). p. 40503
Date: July 2013
ISsN: 1062-3701
url: ist.publisher.ingentaconnect.com


Abstract:
As more robust methods for UV cure inkjet printing are being introduced to market, alternative colour and decorative printing methods have been tested for the art, design and print sector. In order to increase density of colour, and improve ink coverage when printing onto a range of non-standard substrates, this paper describes results relating to the appearance of print on different surfaces, which includes both measured data (densitometry, gamut volume, ICC profiles) and a visual analysis (subjective assessment, micro-photography). The objective is to address the requirements of the user, to accurately print a specific colour through the multi-layering of inks, and to present methods of soft previewing the appearance of a multi-pass printed colour. A series of case studies are presented that incorporate recent research into the capabilities of UV (ultra-violet) curing technology - which has increased opportunities for the designer to print onto non-standard materials.

Create: Developing a European Exchange in the Application of Colour

Published in Colour: Design & Creativity. This article was co-authored with Rizzi, A. Volume 3 published by the Society of Dyers and Colourists online 2008
 

Colour in Flux: The Art and Science of Colour

Published in Colour: Design & Creativity. Volume 3 published by the Society of Dyers and Colourists online 2008
 
Choosing Compatible inks and Combinations in Printmaking Today, Volume 13 Spring Issue 2004
 
Inkjet prints on artists' papers: Carinna Parraman investigates their longevity in Printmaking Today, Volume 12 Winter Issue 2003
 
An Overview of Paper and Ink in Art Business Today, Autumn 2003
 
The Inkjet in Question in Printmaking Today, Volume 10 Summer Issue 2001




This is a selection of Carinna's publications. For the full list, refer to Carinna's CV.